Step 6—Monitor, evaluate, and adapt

Monitoring and evaluation is a critical component of any project, and requires well thought-out metrics and benchmarks. Not only is it a useful tool for project managers to understand successes and failures, but it is also the foundation of telling the project’s story, to stakeholders, to donors, and to the public.

Resources:

Rockwell and C. Bennett—A Hierarchy for Targeting Outcomes and Evaluating Their Achievement (2004)

This provides a framework for monitoring short-to-medium term outcomes of projects that are meant to influence or educate a target audience. It is useful for those attempting to demonstrate progress after an action is taken, but before any real social, environmental, or economic benefits are realized. 58 pages. Intermediate reading level. Read More…

Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management—Using Indicators to Measure Progress and Performance (2008)

Progress must be measured to demonstrate the effectiveness of a project. With few, but carefully selected indicators, it is possible to get a good overview on the progress and performance. Indicatorscan be used in many different areas of IWM. Here, you will find how indicators work and how they are developed, as well as extensive further reading on the subject. 3 pages. Easy reading level. Read More…

Pakzad and P. Osmond—Developing a Sustainability Indicator Set for Measuring Green Infrastructure Performance (2016)

This paper presents a conceptual framework to facilitate the development of an inclusive model for the sustainability assessment of green infrastructure. The framework focuses on key interactions between human health, ecosystem services and ecosystem health, and may then be applied to develop an indicator-based assessment model to measure and monitor performance of green infrastructure projects. 12 pages. Difficult reading level. Read More…

Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management—Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation (2013)

Introduces four steps of participatory monitoring & evaluation(PM&E): a process through which stakeholders at various levels engage in monitoring or evaluating a particular project, program or policy, share control over the content, the process and the results of the  activity and engage in taking or identifying corrective actions. Concludes with several resources for further reading. 3 pages. Easy reading level. Read More…